Sr. Aleksandra Bartoszewska wrote an interesting thesis on the “Brothers Karamazof”. It is in Polish but because our blog speaks many languages we want to publish it. If you are familiar with the language click here otherwise read this short summary in English.
The Brothers Karamazov is a philosophical novel written by the Russian author Fyodor Dostoyevsky. It enters into the ethical debates of God, morality and free will. The author presents moral struggles concerning doubt, faith, and reason. For the author one of the Monasteries in Russia served as a spiritual center for people in the 19th century. It inspired many aspects of The Brothers Karamazov.
This article analyzed from the philosophical point of views the attitudes and behaviors of different kind of people in different situations. According to these differences we try to answer who is a man, what kind of relationship he builds with God, world and others, what influence he imposed on others?
Often the choices are made by situations or by material interest. There are people for whom the values are the best way to live by practicing them in their daily life, even if it is so difficult. In fact, it is the values that shape human life and behavior. They influence the attitudes of a person and the attitudes in turn direct the course of every action. An individual worth is measured by what we are and not so much by what we have. Yet Being and having are important needs of every person. Being mean what an individual is in terms of the inner relationship he or she established with herself or himself and with others fellows.
In this article the important issues of human life presented by the author in the novel are confronted with the philosophical thoughts of Descartes and Nicola Abbagnano.